Nepal, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal is a country in South Asia. Nepal is divided into seven provinces. It has a population of 26.4 million and is the 93rd largest country by area. Bordering China in the north and India in the south, east, and west, it is the largest sovereign Himalayan state.

Nepal does not border Bangladesh, which is located within only 27 km (17 mi) of its southeastern tip. Neither does it border Bhutan due to the Indian state of Sikkim being located in between.

Nepal has eight of the world’s ten tallest mountains, including Mount Everest, the highest point on Earth.

Kathmandu is the nation’s capital and largest city. Nepal is a multiethnic nation with Nepali as the official language.

Nepal’s gross domestic product (GDP) for 2015 was estimated at over $19,489 billion, that places them 110 in the list of countries by GDP (nominal) according to the United Nations or 174 out 195 when the list of countries by GDP (nominal) is per capita.

Agriculture employs 76% of the workforce, services 18% and manufacturing and craft-based industry 6%. Nepal’s workforce of about 10 million suffers from a severe shortage of skilled labour.

HIV/AIDS in Nepal

The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS (UNAIDS) estimates from 2007 indicate that approximately 75,000 people in Nepal are HIV-positive, including all age groups.

Street children are one of the most vulnerable groups. The UNICEF report, “Increasing Vulnerability of Children in Nepal”, estimates the number of children orphaned by HIV/AIDS to be more than 13,000. The national estimate of children 0 to 14 years of age infected with HIV is 2,500 (2007).


Pokhara Lekhnath is a Metropolitan City and the largest city of Nepal regarding Area.  It is located 200 kilometres (120 miles) west of the capital Kathmandu. Occupying an area of 464.24 sq km– nine times greater than Kathmandu, 18 times larger than Lalitpur and 2.5 times greater than Bharatpur. The altitude varies from 827 metres (2,713 feet) in the southern part to 1,740 metres (5,710 feet) in the north. The metropolis has been divided into 33 wards, and its current population stands at 413,397.

In recent decades, Pokhara has become a major tourist destination: It is considered the tourism capital of Nepal in South Asia mainly for adventure tourism and the base for the famous Annapurna Circuit trek. Thus, a major contribution to the local economy comes from the tourism and hospitalities industry. Tourism is a major source of income for local people and the city.

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